The eIg technology to generate Ig-like bispecific antibodies
Lennart Kühl, Nadine Aschmoneit, Roland E. Kontermann & Oliver Seifert
Bispecific antibodies have emerged as therapeutic molecules with a multitude of modes of action and applications. Here, we present a novel approach to solve the light-chain problem for the generation of bispecific Ig-like antibodies using the second constant domain of IgE (EHD2) genetically modified to force heterodimerization. This was achieved by introducing a C14S mutation in one domain and a C102S mutation in the other domain, which removed of one of the crossover disulfide bonds. Substituting the CH1 and CL domains of an antigen binding fragment (Fab) with these heterodimerizing EHD2 (hetEHD2) domains resulted in Fab-like building blocks (eFab). These eFabs were used to generate different bispecific antibodies of varying valency and molecular composition employing variable domains with different specificities and from different origins. Formats included bivalent bispecific IgG-like molecules (eIgs) and Fc-less Fab-eFab fusion proteins, as well as tri- and tetravalent Fab-eIg fusion proteins. All proteins, including bispecific antibodies for dual receptor targeting and for retargeting of T cells, efficiently assembled into functional molecules. Furthermore, none of the hetEHD2-comprising molecules showed binding to the two Fcε receptors and are thus most likely do not induce receptor cross-linking and activation. In summary, we established the eIg technology as a versatile and robust platform for the generation of bispecific antibodies of varying valency, geometry, and composition, suitable for numerous applications.