Joint research article published in Cell Reports Methods

17. Juni 2024

Modular dual-color BiAD sensors for locus-specific readout of epigenome modifications in single cells


Dynamic changes in the epigenome at defined genomic loci play crucial roles during cellular differentiation and disease development. Here, we developed dual-color bimolecular anchor detector (BiAD) sensors for high-sensitivity readout of locus-specific epigenome modifications by fluorescence microscopy. Our BiAD sensors comprise an sgRNA/dCas9 complex as anchor and double chromatin reader domains as detector modules, both fused to complementary parts of a split IFP2.0 fluorophore, enabling its reconstitution upon binding of both parts in close proximity. In addition, a YPet fluorophore is recruited to the sgRNA to mark the genomic locus of interest. With these dual-color BiAD sensors, we detected H3K9me2/3 and DNA methylation and their dynamic changes upon RNAi or inhibitor treatment with high sensitivity at endogenous genomic regions. Furthermore, we showcased locus-specific H3K36me2/3 readout as well as H3K27me3 and H3K9me2/3 enrichment on the inactive X chromosome, highlighting the broad applicability of our dual-color BiAD sensors for single-cell epigenome studies.

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